Roofing In Winter Conditions

Roofing in winter conditions is a concern for many homeowners …”Will the roof properly seal?” …”Will the cold and snow/ice adversely affect the deck sheathing?” …”Will the caulking adhere to cold surfaces?” …these questions and other concerns are often expressed by Winter customers. Shingles can be properly installed in temperatures as low as –10 to –15 Celsius if the roof deck is cleared of snow/ice; if the temperature goes below –15, nails driven by an air gun will tend to damage the asphalt shingle, the glue in OSB Sheathing becomes ’super hard’ preventing airnails from ’seating’ properly and the fastening quality will become compromised (hand-nailing is recommended in –15 temperatures), and the asphalt becomes extremely difficult to properly form and cut
around vents, flashings, and roof protrusions.

Shingle sealant is designed to adequately seal up to one year after Installation, when the warmer temperatures begin to activate the process; but, until the roof seals, high wind force will cause lifting, and/or ‘blow-offs’ to occur— the repair costs will be covered by product manufacturers under their warranty, or by your homeowner’s insurance policy if you-do not have manufacturer ‘hurricane coverage’.

Roof sheathing is usually OSB, which has a high glue content which protects from moisture deterioration if shingled while wet (this type of sheathing will usually dry after roofs are shingled because there is still some air flow between the sheathing gaps). Caulking applied around vents, flashings, and roof protrusions will properly adhere during cold temperatures if the surfaces are clean and dry and if a winter grade caulk is used.

If proper care is taken, roofing in winter conditions is not a reasonable argument to be made against Winter Roofing — and there are a number of pluses to support having a roof replaced during the Winter:
1. A 10% (or greater) discount can be realized because companies want to keep their employees working during this slow season;

2. By year-end the roof will have a better seal because EVERY warm day of the year is working on those ‘self-sealing strips’ to create a superseal;
3. Companies will usually agree to a Springtime roof and clean-up inspection on any roof installed during Winter months, and all roof inspections are good;

If roofing in winter conditions is a concern for you contact good roofing experts to ensure you make the right decisions. When you have your roof done during the Winter months you’re not bothered during Spring or Summer with the mess and bother of doing home renovations Buildings are constructed ‘yearround’, and if Winter Roofing was a concern to builders, they would have a temporary roof covering installed — such as a Water and Ice membrane, and then the permanent roof covering installed in the Spring; but, that is just not the case. If you have any other roofing concerns not being covered in our articles, don’t hesitate to Aaron roofing experts.

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Few Effects of Windstorms on Roofs Roofing Experts

Roofing experts: Windstorms that gust 140 kilometers per hour (or more) seem to be occurring more frequently. When strong winds, with even stronger gusts, blow over shingled roofs a ‘rippling effect’ which loosens the adhesive seal-strips that manufacturers place on their products allows Blow-offs to occur. It is very unlikely that these shingles will properly re-seal on roofs older than one year because of the sealants are too set to reactivate.

New roofs less than a year old will probably reseal once the hot summer days come, unless a ‘dust layer’ has settled onto the seal strips. Repaired shingle roofs should always be hand-sealed to ensure that they never lift again. It is also a good practice to hand-seal any shingle roof slope that displays ‘lifted shingles’ during high wind conditions. Install a tube of roof sealant into a caulking gun, and squeeze a bead of caulk beneath the bottom shingle edge to solve future ‘lifting’ problems. Roofs that are shingled with products that are no longer available (such as interlocking shingles, or renaissance shingles) will have to be replaced with different products as adviced by the roofing experts.

If the replacement product design is much different (i.e. a ‘strip’ shingle replacing an interlocking shingle) it may be necessary to replace the fixed flashing behind siding, or to use ‘shim flashings’
in-between the fixed flashings in order to maintain proper water run-off. Similar problems occur when converting a shake roof to a shingle roof—the flashings are much different. High winds effect all roof products! Winds that blow steadily are not as much of a problem, as are the very ‘gusty winds’. Gusts create sudden ‘lift’ areas, and it is this ‘rippling effect blow-offs.

If in doubt regarding correct repair procedures, so research or Ask The Roofing Experts®.

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Skylight Installation with Lifetime Warranties.

When I began my roofing career in 1957 Calgary, most roofs were of a simple design, and skylights were a new and novel idea for opening up dark rooms. At that time there were many design and installation problems which often resulted in leaking and ceiling stains. The design problems have been solved for over thirty years, but installation still remains a problem because skylight installation is a very specialized field, and most companies do not have competently trained installers.

There are a few procedural basics to properly ensure ‘No Leak’ installation is executed:

1. Have a Water/Ice underlayment installed prior to the new roof;

2. Seal the skylight box, and/ or roof flashing, with the same membrane;

3. Seal all roof openings with a Styrofoam spray or proper vapor barrier tape;

4. Upon completion of the work, properly caulk all shingle/ flashing/roof joints;

5. Test the skylight with directed heavy spray, simulating rainstorm conditions; …..Lastly, and most importantly, ensure that you have a contractor offering a minimum ‘ten-year’ warranty on the installation workmanship  (written and transferable).

These steps are extremely important when having standard roof window skylight (s) installed. Tubular the are much more resistant to leakage problems because the roof flashings are rounded, and water/ice does not collect behind them to cause damning issues—AND the inside of the attic does not have to be framed nor finished upon installation; but all you see is natural light coming into the room, you can’t see the sky, clouds, birds, etc.

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Roofing Services – Cost vs. Lifespan vs. Aesthetics?

Fifty years ago I was offering my customers two choices for asphalt shingles…(1) 2 or 3-tab shingles for new roofing applied to a prepared wood deck, or (2) interlocking shingles designed for reroofing overtop of existing shingles. Today, there are many roofing options making it difficult for homeowners to choose the best product for their home. I’ll try to shed some light on these options to help people make informed decisions:

1. Today’s most commonly used products are usually the most cost-effective. Fibreglass/asphalt shingles cost $2-3 per sq. ft. (installed) and last up to 50 years;

2. Wood products (Cedar or Pine) normally cost $5-10 per sq. ft. installed, and last from 15-30 years.

3. Metal products cost approximately $6-12 per sq. ft., and have similar lifetime warranties to the fibreglass/asphalt shingle;

4. Concrete tiles and/or slate tiles cost approximately $5-12 per sq. ft., and last from 30-50 years. Composition products are fairly new in the market; their cost varies widely, and their life expectancy is still unproven.

How, then should a homeowner choose their roofing services and roofing products? For the majority of us, the budget is a large factor; however, aesthetics is also an important consideration: • Concrete or slate, for a European look; • Wood for the classic ‘country’ look;• Innovative metal products are designed to simulate wood or tile look. Homes in heavy snowfall areas may benefit from metal’s ‘snow- shedding’ capabilities.

Homeowners have to filter out ‘sales pitches’ that suggest that a particular product is impervious to extreme weather, or offers impressive insulation benefits. In fact, heavy hail, strong winds, and/or extreme water and/or ice-damming can damage virtually any roofing product under the right conditions. With the exception of ‘Flat Roofing’ which often has to have insulation built into the roof design, normally, the products discussed do not provide significant insulation benefits; therefore, insulation should not be a factor in choosing them.

When choosing a roofing Service/product, one must consider the cost vs. lifespan vs. aesthetics for a wise choice

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Ventilated Soffits -Roofing Tips for the Fall Season.

As Fall approaches, it is a good time to consider the importance of proper attic ventilation. Improperly ventilated attics are more vulnerable to Hoar Frost that can grow to become ‘sheets of ice’ during extended periods of extreme cold temperatures; then, during a Calgary Chinook it can literally rain inside of your attic which can destroy your insulation, and cause mold and mildew. An ideally-ventilated attic will have ‘soffit-to-ridge-airflow’. This is achieved by having ventilated soffits at the eaves and vented ridge at the peak of the roof, but do not vent the soffits at the gable-ends… because escaping air from the roof peak would be replaced from the closer soffit vents at the gable ends rather than pulling air into the attic from the eaves. Similarly, it is advisable to close off any ‘other’ venting such as gable-end vents, roof turtle vents, etc.

A properly ventilated attic will allow the home to be warmer during the winter because the ‘super cold’ midnight-to-6:00-AM air can be replaced with warmer morning air surrounding the eaves; also, the house will be cooler in the summer because the ‘super hot’ 1:00 PMto-4:00 PM afternoon heat can be replaced with cooler evening air allowing you to sleep more comfortably at night. Another reason to have ‘soffit-to-ridge’ venting is that during high humidity and sudden cooling temperatures, the snow/ ice accumulation on the roof at the eaves, creates a situation where the roof deck become ‘wet’ under the shingles, as well as the attic underside, because moisture is attracted from the air to anything that is colder than it is. Soffit-to-ridge air flow dries this area faster than static air will, plus when hoarfrost accumulates, sublimation can occur (the frost will turn to vapour without becoming liquid first). It is extremely important to have soffit venting, working with ridge venting in ‘open beam’ ceilings in order to cause air flow between the trusses (your insulation will be much more effective, and retain it’s desirable qualities longer). Roof ‘turbines’ placed far apart, and near the roof peak, will also work with vented eaves soffits, because the turbine fins are constructed to keep rain & snow from entering the attic (do not cover them in the winter), and to draw the attic air out, creating the ‘updraft’ that is necessary for eaves-to-ridge attic air flow. Power vents, wind turbines, and ridge venting all work with vented soffits at the eaves to optimize attic conditions. Most roof ‘turtle vents’ do not give satisfactory results! Have a good Fall & Winter, and protect your home.

If you are uncertain whether your attic is vented adequately, consult ‘An Expert’.

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Roofing Expert’s Advice

With a Calgary Winter just around the corner, it is still not too late to give your older roof a Fall ‘Tune-
Up’! Roofs past their prime often have loose flashings and vents which allows water and/or ice to creep beneath the protective roof covering. It is best to secure flashings & vents by removing any lifted nails and installing appropriate-sized screws. Skylights, chimney boxes, and fireplaces often have dried, cracked, loose, or missing caulking that can be removed (if still there) and replaced with fresh caulk. Loose, cracked, or missing shingles should be replaced; metal valleys should have the shingles lifted and resealed because caulk hardens with age and ‘breaks in the sealant’ can occur to allow water & ice to enter past the sealant barrier, and then not be able to find an exit.

Once this happens, a dirt trail is  established which helps future water to more easily discover the entry into the valley and then onto the roof deck. Older shake roofs are particularly vulnerable to ‘age leaks’ because the oils in the felt that is installed with every course of shakes is ‘boiled’ or washed out over time, and the felt turns back into ‘water-absorbent-paper’. The felt disintegrates, and/or rots. As your shake roof breaks down and turns into much more ‘smaller sized shakes’, the ‘cracks-on-cracks on- cracks’ that now appear will allow water to pass through to the roof deck, and then into the attic.

Standard shakes are 24”, and are installed with 10” exposure, which means that there are nails through each shake at approximately 11” and 22”. Traditional shake roof repairs are affected by ‘removing old shakes and installing new shakes …however, while the nails at 11” high can be removed, but the ones 22” high cannot; therefore, roofers rip out the old shakes, and ram in the new shakes – destroying the felts protecting your roof and creating new cracks-on-cracks on- cracks in the process, which will eventually turn into leaks. A much better way to repair an old shake roof is to install 12” ‘shims’ in-between such crack-on-cracks, thereby retaining the integrity of the felt protection.

If you are cognizant of an ageing roof problem, but you’re not quite ready to replace it, an inexpensive ‘Tune-Up’ with a 5-year NO LEAK warranty might be a logical alternative, thereby extending the life of your roof. Have a good Winter and call ‘An Expert’.

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